What is Acne? & Why the heck do we have it??

What is Acne?  &  Why do we have it??

 

515_Acne_formation
acne formation

If you have acne or the “occasional” breakout- you are not alone.   Millions of people around the globe suffer from acne.  Actually, almost everyone has had a pimple or two in their lifetime.

Some have a few pimples, while others have acute acne.

 

So let me explain acne in general. 

 

Acne is a distressed skin condition that has either non-inflammatory or inflammatory lesions.  It effects all ages & in different stages of life.

The most common form of acne is Acne Vulgaris.   This usually begins @ the onset of puberty, where hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands & cause them to produce too much Sebum.

Some acne is hereditary.  If one or both parents have acne or oily skin, there is a very good chance that the offspring will have it also.

It happens when epidermal cells (skin cells) don’t shed.  Instead they stick to the surface of skin and line the inner walls of pores & follicles.

This is known as Cell Buildup.  After this happens, the excess Sebum coats or “waxes over” the cell buildup deep down in the follicles, & this is the beginning of an acne lesion.

 

Inflammatory & Non-inflammatory

Inflammatory Lesions are inflamed, red & swollen lesions.  The typical pimple is inflammatory.

Non-inflammatory Lesions are not red or inflamed.  An example of this is an open comedone (blackhead) &  closed comedone. (white head)

Open Comedones occur when follicles are full, begin to stretch & fill with cells & sebum. This pushes the comedone toward the surface.  When oxygen comes in contact with the top of the comedone it darkens the surface. Therefore resulting in a Blackhead.

Acne is caused by bacteria.  Bacteria feed off of the impacted sebum in the follicles . And when the follicle is blocked from getting oxygen circulation, the bacteria multiply.

Blausen_0811_SkinPores
skins pores

Open & Closed Comedones.

  • Open comedones are non-inflammatory acne lesions appearing as large, clogged follicles.  They are filled with solidified sebum & dead cell buildup, often called blackheads.
  • Open comedones occur when the follicle is large enough to hold all of the debris retained by the follicle.  The opening in these follicles is dilated by the mass of the impaction, allowing the comedo to push toward the skin surface.
  • Closed comedones have small pore openings & walls that stretch to hold the impaction- which causes the impaction to have a lack of oxygen.  This makes the lesion become easily inflammed.
  • Closed comedones are seen in adults & often associated with the use of comedogenic cosmetics.

 

Papules & Pustules:

Papule is a red, sore bump w/out a whitehead.  Once cells clump up, they rise to the surface; creating a Pustule.

Papules are deeper in the skin & effect nerve endings. (which make them sore.)

Pustules are close to the skin surface, therefore are less painful.

 

Grades of Acne:

  • grade 1 acne:  open & closed comedones w/ occasional pimple. (puberty, teenagers)
  • grade 2 acne:  large # of closed comedones w/ pustules & papules.
  • grade 3 acne:  very inflammed & red, has a large # of open & closed comedones along w/ many pustules & papules.
  • grade 4 acne:  cystic acne, has many deep cysts & causes scar formation.

 

Here’s a tip or two:

  • Zinc supplements help w/ breakouts.
  • choose skincare products & cosmetics that are non-comedonenic.
  • When cleaning face dab or rub lightly. Don’t scrub. Scrubbing & rubbing too hard only irritates skin w/ acne.
  • Natural clay’s & cleansers that contain charcoal help w/ blackheads & breakouts.
  • KEEP YOUR HANDS OFF!!  your hands have germs & bacteria which inflames acne, also the dirt & oils blocks your pores when your hands rub your face.

 

Proactiv_three-step_kit,_June_2013_(cropped)
proactiv

There’s tons more interesting info & facts on acne… check back for the next new acne info page. If you’d like to see what product I recommend for acne check out:  https://betterselfsource.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=339&action=edit

 

If you have any questions or comments leave them below or contact me on my email.- mistic@betterselfsource.com   I look forward to hearing from you.

Have a great day!

 

 

 

 

 

 

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